History at the New Arsenal Museum, Vilnius, Lithuania

(Last Updated On: January 15, 2022)

The New Arsenal location of the Lithuanian National Museum teaches visitors about Lithuania’s long history (up to WWII) through a mix of art, artifacts, folk art, and informative displays. It’s a relaxing way to absorb a hundreds of years of history!

Grunwald model Lithuanian National Museum New Arsenal - www.ExplorationVacation.net

The New Arsenal Museum houses six separate exhibit areas:

  • Birth of the museum
  • History of Old Lithuania from the 13th to 18th centuries
  • Lithuania in the 19th century
  • Folk art
  • Lifestyle of Lithuanian peasants
  • Cross crafting

There is also space for special exhibits.

The museum does an excellent job of providing English language labels with each object; however, there isn’t always a lot of context provided. This means that I sort of drifted through many exhibits on the history of Lithuania without really understanding how the objects on display related to each other.

Discover Lithuanian history at the New Arsenal Museum

Of course, I generally like wandering rather aimlessly through history, so for the most part I happily drifted amid the wide variety of objects on display, admiring the portraits (including the wife of a couple of Czars), a model of the battle of Grunwald (pictured above), military gear, wooden trunks, religious objects (including a Tatar Quran), and much, much more.

Maria Mnishik wife of Czars Lzhedmitry I and Lzhedmitry II 1609 Lithuanian National Museum New Arsenal - www.ExplorationVacation.net

Lithuanian National Museum New Arsenal - www.ExplorationVacation.net

Lithuanian National Museum New Arsenal - www.ExplorationVacation.net

Lithuanian National Museum New Arsenal - www.ExplorationVacation.net

Lithuanian National Museum New Arsenal - www.ExplorationVacation.net

Traditional textiles

The New Arsenal Museum also has an ethnographic textile area. This large exhibit includes wonderful samples of weaving, traditional costumes, and textile-related tools.

Lithuanian National Museum New Arsenal - www.ExplorationVacation.net

Religious folk art

Lithuania was the last European country to adopt Christianity. But once it did so, Catholicism became an essential part of everyday life for most people. But that religious fervor took many forms, as Christian beliefs and practices were often superimposed over older local traditions. This lead to a long tradition (called Cross Crafting) where Christian beliefs were expressed in folk carvings of crosses and saints. Figures that were once ubiquitous  throughout the country.

Lithuanian National Museum New Arsenal - www.ExplorationVacation.net

Although many figures include traditional Catholic imagery, each is unique. And, while the workmanship is sometimes a little rough, the simple forms and direct expressions bring a humanity to these pieces that’s often missing from pieces by formally-trained artists.

Under the Soviets, Christian practices were suppressed. Religious places and objects were destroyed and practitioners subjected to harsh punishment. Despite this, Lithuania today remains deeply religious and Catholic today. And that has brought a renewed appreciation for the remaining folk art crosses and carvings and for what they tell us about the lives of those who created them.

Exile under the Soviets

The final exhibit I visited was called To Eternal Exile. This haunting exhibit of photos, letters, diaries, and other documents tell the story of some of the 32,000 Lithuanians the Soviets forcibly deported to Siberia in 1949.

Lithuanian National Museum New Arsenal - www.ExplorationVacation.net

It was a heartbreaking end to my time in the museum. However, so much was lost here during World War II and in the following years it that it’s perhaps the only fitting ending. The lives lost, the cultures destroyed, will exist only as memories. They must be preserved or they will truly be gone.

Tips for visiting the New Arsenal Museum in Vilnius

The Lithuanian National Museum New Arsenal is located in part of the Lower Castle complex. A small admission is charged or visit for free using a Vilnius City Pass.

Because the museum is about Lithuanian history, the layout pretty much forces you to move through the exhibits in chronological order. That means you can’t completely skip all of the early history to get to the costumes and religious art!

I visited as a guest of Go Vilnius using a complimentary Vilnius City Card.

2016 Baltic itinerary

folk carving of an angel with a trumpet with text "New Arsenal Museum Vilnius Lithuania"

Vilnius cathedral and belfry with text "explore historic Vilnius Lithuania with the City Card" Link to all posts on Lithuania

8 thoughts on “History at the New Arsenal Museum, Vilnius, Lithuania”

  1. I too love wandering through museums. The New Arsenal Museum looks very interesting. The lack of English context might prove a challenge to me – I’d love to explore the history section with context. If I visit the museum, I may need to do some pre-reading.

    1. The special exhibits have a lot of context in English, as do some of the ethnographic displays. If you read some Lithuanian history in advance, you’ll understand what you are seeing, even if you don’t always know exactly how it all fits together. It’s a lovely collection.

    1. Yes, it’s really great. We really liked Vilnius and Lithuania in general. I’ll be posting more as time goes on – we saw a lot in Vilnius, but also spent time on the Curonian Spit and made a quick stop in Kaunas. The Baltics in general made for a great trip! I think you’ll find a lot to enjoy!

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